Video on Demand by Karen Pryor Clicker Training |

Training in Loops (TeamTaught)

Training in Loops or “Loopy training” represents an image of the effective clicker training process. Cue => Behavior/Click => Reinforcement => Cue => Behavior/Click => Reinforcement => Cue …the loop repeats.

You want clean loops. That means there is no unwanted behavior creeping into the loop and all the behaviors are performed promptly and fluidly. Training in loops reminds you that both sides of the click must be clean for a loop to be clean. All parts of the cycle are important. In this team-taught presentation, each presenter will focus on a different part of the loop.

Dr. Jesús Rosales-Ruiz will look at the overall structure of loops, their connection to movement cycles, and more. It is often said that good training has a rhythm to it. What is at the heart of good training and what creates this rhythm are “training loops.” This section of the presentation will focus on the science behind training loops.

Alexandra Kurland will focus on the “behavior” part of the loop. If you want clean loops, you need to find a starting point where you can get consistent “yes answer” responses. This may mean starting with a very small kernel of a loop. These small beginnings grow very quickly through the loopy training process. Then, the question is, have you embedded the right movement cycle into your loop so you achieve your performance goals?

Behavior leads to click leads to reinforcement… Michele Pouliot will demonstrate how the reinforcement delivery section of the loop is as important as all of the other portions of the loop. The delivery must flow smoothly and efficiently in order to prepare the learner to repeat the desired behavior again. The trainer’s awareness of reinforcement-delivery requirements that allow the loop to flow effortlessly into the next repetition of the preferred behavior is essential. Strategic, thoughtful use of reinforcement delivery can span one portion of the movement cycle, setting the learner up well to repeat a desired action.

Behavior leads to click leads to reinforcement leads to more behavior… but, not so fast! When you thin slice the movement cycle, you discover an important step. Emelie Johnson Vegh and Eva Bertilsson will look at strategies for ending the reinforcement process and transitioning to the next iteration of the target behavior.

As each presenter adds another piece to the overall understanding of training in loops, you will make your way to the goal behavior—a full understanding of the power of training in loops.


The TeamTaught format brings together a small team of ClickerExpo speakers to present distinct perspectives on a theme. Read the program description for the specific theme and the specific speakers included in this TeamTaught video.