1+1=3: Adduction & Combining Cues

ClickerExpo 2013 - Ken Ramirez - Full length -

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Experienced trainers and animals often look for new challenges and ideas to stretch and expand their abilities. At ClickerExpo, Ken Ramirez has frequently challenged attendees and their dogs with various forms of concept training: first with modifier cues, then mimicry. In this lecture, Ken continues with the theme of concept training, but this time focus on the art of combining cues — a type of compound cue often referred to as adduction.

Although there are many types of adduction, Ken starts with the most common cue combinations that he refers to as “additive adduction.” Here’s an example: a dog is spinning, and while the dog does that behavior the trainer cues a bark. The dog continues spinning but now barks at the same time, creating, in essence, a third behavior (bark while spinning) out of two separate behaviors.

The main focus of this lecture ishow to teach an animal the actual concept of adduction — meaning that once the concept is learned the animal could be given any two or more cues and combine them even if the trainer had never presented that particular combination of cues to the animal previously. A training approach for the concept of “AND” as well as the concept of “THEN” will be presented.

In addition to being fun to learn and teach, adduction can help animals learn new behaviors more quickly. This can be very helpful for both working animals and any animal facing new challenges on a regular basis.

Through stories, examples, and videos, you will learn the three different types of adduction, a step-by-step approach for training each, as well as their applications and limitations.

Learn more about Ken Ramirez.